july 13. SEA. twenty free.
cancer sun. scorpio moon. leo rising.
I think the reason why I’m such an optimist, in the middle of terrible collapse, disaster everywhere, is because I know there is no linear guarantee that its going to continue that way. If we do a little more, if we think a little differently, we’re more engaged as citizens with responsibility, we could take it to another place
There’s nothing rebellious about loving something that can’t love you. You’re a woman, you should have known that men in the city would split you in half searching for their fathers in between your legs.
- Warsan Shire (via eatcakey)
Asked to identify the age of a young boy that committed a felony, participants in a study routinely overestimated the age of black children far more than they did white kids.The study, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, aimed at figuring out the extent to which black children were likely to be treated differently than their white peers solely based on race.Author Phillip Atiba Goff of UCLA told the American Psychological Association, ”Our research found that black boys can be seen as responsible for their actions at an age when white boys still benefit from the assumption that children are essentially innocent.”
In the graph below, their research shows the shows the number of use of force incidents by officers in the study:
The below graph shows the results of the study of mean age overestimation by college participants (left) and, frighteningly of police officers (right) in the study:
Police participants in particular grossly overestimated the age of black children when they suspected them of felonies especially. In fact, when a police officer suspected a white child of a felony, they underestimated their ages on average. College students also mimicked this trend in grossly overestimating the age of black children they suspected of felonies vs. white and latino children.
"[T]he implicit dehumanization of Blacks," the study’s authors write, “was a significant predictor of racial disparities in the use of force against children” — though they’re clear to note that it is “plausible that negative interactions with Black children disproportionately produce implicit anti-Black dehumanization.”
The humanity and innocence of black children and their bodies does not exist in our virulently antiblack society. Even criminal white children will still be seen as children, whereas black children are simply miniature adults bound to fill another bed in the prison industrial complex. Sickening.
(h/t For Harriet)
The Read celebrates its’ first anniversary with a live show from New York City.
The Empire of ancient Ghana
The empire of ancient Ghana created by the Mende (Soninke) dating back to at least around 4,000 BC.
Ancient Ghana was located in what is now southeastern Mauritania and western Mali.
Today the area around Dar Tichitt in southern Mauritania has been the subject of much archaeological attention, revealing successive layers of settlement near what still were small lakes as late as 1200 BCE. At this time people there built circular compounds, 60-100 feet in diameter, near the beaches of the lakes. (‘Compound’ is the name given to a housing type, still common today, in which several members of related families share space within a wall.) These compounds were arranged into large villages located about 12 miles from each other. Inhabitants fished, herded cattle and planted some millet, which they stored in pottery vessels. This was the last era of reasonable moisture in this part of the Sahara. By 1000 BCE the villages, still made up of compounds, had been relocated to hilltop positions, and were walled. Cattle were still herded, more millet was grown, but there were no more lakes for fishing. From 700-300 BCE the villages decreased in size and farming was reduced at the expense of pastoralism.
Architecturally, the villages of Dar Tichitt resemble those of the modern northern Mande (Soninke), who live in the savanna 300-400 miles to the south. These ancient villagers were not only farmers, but were engaged in trade connected with the salt and copper mines which developed to the north. Horse drawn vehicles passed through the Tichitt valley, bringing trading opportunities, ideas, and opening up the inhabitants to raids from their more nomadic northern neighbors. Development of the social and political organization necessary to handle commerce and defense must have been a factor in the subsequent development of Ghana, the first great Sudanic empire, in this part of West Africa.
One Hundred Views of Bathing - Mariko Sakaguchi // Korea
Mariko Sakaguchi’s self-portraits put an interesting spin on the spectacle of the self and the modern urge to divulge intimate details of oneself — to reveal one’s self fully to another in a way that is both controlled and vulnerable.